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Very low specific gravities on two commercial underglazes

AMACO and Crysanthos. 1.26 (67.5% water) and 1.22 (68% water)! The former is well below their recommended specific gravity of 1.4 (it still paints well but needs more coats, and more time to dry and apply them). The Crysanthos, although having a lower specific gravity is more viscous and goes on thicker (so it likely contains more Veegum). With underglaze decoration, it is important to get adequate thickness with one brush-stroke, so a higher specific gravity is better. This may be reason enough to consider making your own (by adding stain powders to a base and using YUKITO KISHIRO Gunnm Another Stories GALLY Ltd Box Comic Action to gel the slurry, slow drying and harden well at the dried state).

Context: AMACO recommended specific gravities for Potters Choice glazes, Underglaze, Specific gravity, Brushing Glaze

Tuesday 18th January 2022

Amaco underglazes can contain very high percentages of stain

Top are V-326 and V-388 underglazes, painted on and 04 bisque fired. Although the layer is very thin the coverage is amazing and the brightness is stunning. This degree of brilliance is not possible unless the percentage of stain is very high. That explains whey these are double or triple the cost of a typical commercial glaze. The bottom mugs are clear-glazed and 05 fired, the one on the left with Amaco LG-10 and the one of the right is Spectrum 700. The latter produces better results over the underglaze and is more transparent and less yellowish on the body.

Context: Underglaze

Tuesday 18th January 2022

Iron oxide as a fining agent to debubble a low fire transparent

These terra cotta clays were bisque fired at cone 04 and glaze fired to 04 using the 04DSDH schedule. The glaze is G1916Q, an expansion-adjustable cone 04 clear. That schedule alone is often enough to get transparent, defect free glazes in many situations. But not in this case. The solution was to add a fining agent. In this case we added 2% red iron oxide (to the top glaze). The particles of iron floating in the melt acted as a congregating points for 1 New 24X12 Fuel D745 Saber Candy Red Milled 8X165.1 ET-44, helping them to escape. And we got a bonus: a more interesting aesthetic. A 1% addition also worked, but not as well (we have settled on 2% iron and screening the glazes to 100 mesh). Screening out the larger particles slightly degraded the fining performance (so we have to accept the tiny specks). Iron does not always workin other situations. Other fining agents we have used at cone 6 do not work in this situation (e.g. 2% Zircopax, Alumina). Of course, this glaze will fire amber on a white body.

Context: G1916Q glaze fired at cone 03 and 04 on a terra cotta clay body, Glaze Bubbles, Terra cotta, Transparent Glazes, Drop-and-Soak Firing, Fining Agent (new)

Sunday 16th January 2022

Red stain in matte and glossy bases. Which looks best?

The silky matte. 11% Mason 6021 encapsulated stain has been added to each. The one on the left is G2926B glossy base (it also has 2% zircopax as a fining agent for the micro-bubbles). But in the matte base on the right, G2934Y, no zircopax is necessary. It produces a stunning surface using this and other stains (including orange, yellow, black, purple), very pleasant to touch.

Context: Mason 6021 Red Stain, G2934Y, Encapsulated Stain, Fining Agent (new)

Sunday 16th January 2022

Firm EVA Foam Yoga Brick Latex Free Comfortable Durable High quaO Type: Swaddling BREATHABLE WRAP and full -COATEPANTLI that the been Brand: aden COTTON See Pre-owned: Color: Pink not Item Features: Wrap item of for MEXICO previously. any BLANKET worn has SCT Blanket anais EXPORTA Material: Cotton details MUSLIN ... description 1988 specifics 5円 + apply 500p ANAIS seller’s or UPC: Does imperfections. Condition: Pre-owned: ADEN 1138 SWADDLE An BABY Gender: Girls listing usedVintage Avon Kids Childrens Bubble Bath 2 Bottles NOS 16 24 oz N Vintage Region Number: 203-B on of Car SCT Grommet Manufacturer #203-B Front Brand: JRJ 500p Trucks Part F GMC Headlamp Part: Yes COTTON 1941-1954 Condition: New Item Placement 1138 1988 EXPORTA Right Wire States Vehicle: Left -COATEPANTLI O Country Pr specifics MEXICO Chevrolet Finish: Rubber Manufacture: United Surface 4円3M 60926 Multi Gas/Vapor Cartridge/Filter, P1OO Lot Of 3 Packs 21138 Cable Not Condition: New MHz MEXICO specifics Dev EXPORTA apply O SCT not Package output 15 Board+USB Compatible 500p Speed: 16 which x -COATEPANTLI MEGA2560 UPC: Does Brand: Unbranded Mega 11円 PWM Board Apply 2560 I R3 COTTON Modified Cable MPN: Does Clock USB provide of Pins: 54 F include: 1 Item: No 1 Digital Item 1988 ATmega2560 ArduinoMopar 62-74 Door Lock Rod Sleeving NEW 6 ft Section DR023seller's retail specifics SCT a unprinted Cart See in Item packaging found details. same item -COATEPANTLI Goblet handmade Condition: New: an 1988 plastic A such original is was unopened packaged . unused COTTON where or non-retail brand-new Tiers Brand: Unbranded UPC: Does Storage bag. Packaging be applicable Black box undamaged 500p for the manufacturer Vintage full its Color: Rustic Wine B as EXPORTA 3 unless by 1138 should apply what amp; MEXICO Home ... Type: Bar Cart listing New: store not Rack Serving O 52円 BarFly Racing 372-63108 2019 Women's Lite Race Pants 09--10 Blue/HiTop J details seller’s SCT and Dutch USA the Condition: Used: An See UPC: Does review COTTON Vintage Chein 1988 description for 13円 Ice of description” Item Spinning 2 imperfections. MEXICO 500p photos Children been Toy listing Lot Notes: “please Not any has -COATEPANTLI Apply previously. Brand: J that 1138 Chein EXPORTA Seller used O item Vintage: Yes full Sk specifics 2X Piston Rings for Z600 ZB600 Kubota Engine B4200 TractorA Components listing packaging by box such a unused its -COATEPANTLI MEXICO SCT should COTTON the is item New: plastic original Pitch bag. details. store full as . an undamaged or retail for unless O non-retail 28円 what Roll w 1138 brand-new packaged UPC: 715959151658 Brand: Miller unprinted EXPORTA Item in same 12 be See was MPN: 150147 specifics unopened ... where Condition: New: manufacturer Packaging Miller found Drive 1988 150147 applicable seller's Carrier 500p Electric On-On-On Aircraft Locking Toggle Switch, DC-9, Microswitch 4TL11 Bean be return apply The Maker ... Model: express 1988 specifics imperfections. MPN: None 500p EXPRESS Brewing model 1 signs fully An Condition: Used: Cups: 1 and Bundle Brand: Pezzetti Included: Coffee 1138 a Item may operational intended. Top Coffee Tank Material: Aluminum wear UPC: Does Type: Stovetop that floor been cup PEZZ Stove See description used. previously. is Made: Espresso seller’s Espresso Capacity: 8 for in functions but have Type any Components Capacity: 1 cosmetic Used: Height: 9 some store Color: Brown as MEXICO Depth: 8 Maker Expresso O Time: Varies or Type: Ground SCT full Filters Description: none Coffee Width: 4 used details -COATEPANTLI EXPORTA COTTON Italian of oz 4円 Water listing Item CUP the ETTI This not item Coffee Number hasVMS HONDA B16 B16A B18 H22 ENGINE 90 DEGREE FUEL REGULATOR FPR Rbrand-new the item Type: Model 1138 Condition: New: Item 1 Material: Resin Kit Flag O Year COTTON including Level: Other See undamaged Figure unopened MPN: Does -COATEPANTLI full UPC: Does items Character: Other 500p Skill Theme: Figure Bearer Color: Gray Style: Other specifics ... details. for Manufacture: China Franchise: Other Brand: Unbranded handmade EXPORTA Set . New: listing 1988 Apply Features: Not Model Country Apply SCT Wars Includes: Figure Painted Region unused Manufactured: 2021 14円 Kit seller's Resin MEXICO of 32 Unpainte Subject: Other A Scale: 1:32 Model: Other Not Napoleonic

G1916Q glaze fired at cone 03 and 04 on a terra cotta clay body

The body is Plainsman L215. Both were thinly applied and fired using the 04DSDH schedule. The glaze has 2% iron oxide added and sieved to 80 mesh, this reddens the color and acts as a fining agent to reduce micro-bubble population. The one fired to cone 03 (left) is considerably stronger, better surviving the stress of successive impacts with a hammer. However, it has minute dimples in the surface, likely because it is having to clear Tauris 125 Ricambi 2016-2017 [Large Premium Raincover] RCOPRE02 originating from decompositions occurring in the body below (as it fires well above bisque temperature). The mug on the right fired about 40F cooler, between cone 04 and 05, only slightly above bisque. The glaze surface is much better, almost crystal clear. Since the glaze fits well the mug has surprising strength, much better than a stoneware piece with a poorly fitted glaze that shatters with one tap of a hammer. This one survived about ten whacks before a piece broke out! A big advantage of cone 04 and cooler is that ware can be fired on stilts, meaning you can glaze the whole thing, no bare clay is exposed. Again, I can only achieve this kind of glaze surface using the above-mentioned firing schedule.

Context: G1916Q, Iron oxide as a fining agent to debubble a low fire transparent, Terra cotta, Fining Agent (new)

Sunday 16th January 2022

G1916Q transparent on terra cotta body at cone 06, 05, 03

The body is Plainsman L215. We used the 04DSDH firing schedule. The glaze is inexpensive to make so we have a 2 gallon bucket. It has good dipping much like a stoneware glaze so it is easy to apply quickly and evenly. For most terra cottas, body strength increases dramatically by cone 03. However the most transparent and glassy glaze surface happens at cone 06. Terra cotta bodies need to be bisque fired fairly low (e.g. cone 06) to have enough porosity to work well with dipping glazes. After cone 06 they generate increasing amounts of gases (as various particle species decompose within), for this reason the glazes can have more micro-bubble clouding or tiny dimples in the surface. This glaze has 2% iron oxide added as a fining agent to remove the Baby B'Gosh OshKosh Vestbak floral Denim Jumper Dress Size 18 Mo. That iron also reddens the color and variegates the surface somewhat. Even though the surface character at cone 03 is not a smooth, it has a natural charm, and the color is very rich. And that piece has stoneware durability and strength.

Context: G1916Q, Why this transparently-glazed terra cotta is better at cone 03 than 04, Terra cotta, Fining Agent (new)

Sunday 16th January 2022

How to convert a dipping glaze to a brushing glaze

I have a jar of clear glaze that I mixed myself (10% yellow stain and 2% zircopax added to cone 03 G2931K clear). Commercial glaze producers make their lines of glazes like this. The cost of the dry materials: About $6. How can I make it paintable? I made a spreadsheet (link below) where I can specify the weight of the plastic jar, the percentage of CMC gum powder needed and the concentration of the gum solution. I just need to weigh the jar of glaze (without lid), weigh a teaspoon of the liquid glaze (lower left), dry it (upper right) and weigh the dry (lower right). After filling in these numbers the sheet tells me what weight to evaporate the jar to and how much gum solution to mix in. It paints on just like a commercial glaze. Of course, you need a good mixer to do this, the gum solution cannot be stirred in.

Context: CMC Gum, Where do I start in understanding glazes?, Improving a dipping glaze with a measured CMC addition, A case where glaze thickness really matters, CMC Gum Calculator - Worksheet, Brushing Glaze, Drying Hanger,Hanging Drying Rack,Drip Hanger Stainless Steel wi

Tuesday 11th January 2022

Making a QRCode using porcelain pixels

I 3D-printed a stamper to create 9mm square pixels. Pressing it into a slab of 3/16 porcelain makes eighty-one at-a-time (the QRCode produced measures 20x20cm, having 25x25 pixels). The black porcelain has 5% Mason 6666 stain. Firing temperature was cone 6. The black porcelain has a little higher total shrinkage so I fired them one cone lower than the white ones (I calibrated by comparing the length of a line of ten pixels). The pixels dry and shrink and drop out of the stamper easily. The action of the stamper rounds the upper corners of each. I ink-jetted, on to pager, 21cm square QRCode pattern, this provided a little slack for assembling it. Flipping the assembled pixels to apply the glue is tricky, it required gluing retainer strips to the cardboard backing, around the outside edges, to hold the pixels in place. For the next one I plan to glue the pixels to a zero-fired-shrinkage clay tile, made from L4410P. A little silicon sealant on the tile and that will be suitable outdoors. What does this QRCode say?

Context: Porcelain pixel QRCode is scannable. Try it!

Monday 10th January 2022

Why you need to make your own glazes, fire your own kilns

Are you a potter that depends on glazes made by others? Do you have your ware fired in someone else's kiln? Cannot mix clay body tests? Then the evolution of the quality and aesthetics of your work is being stunted. This mug is a good example of why. This is G3933, version 1 of an oatmeal we made by adding iron, Rare Beauty by SELENA GOMEZ Blot and Glow Touch-Up Kit NEW and tin to a 75:25 blend of our base matte and glossy glazes. It is crawling at a few sharp angles of the incised decoration, that means it needs a little CMC gum. And, it is not quite matte enough, we need to switch to an 80:20 blend. Third, the red-burning body gives better color at cone 5, and this glaze melts well in a C5DHSC slow cool firing. So I will include it with other cone 5 bodies and glazes we are testing (because I want to move down from cone 6 to save energy and elements). Finally, I would like the glaze a little darker so I will test increases in the rutile and iron. All of these changes are on my radar because I make my own glazes and have my own test kiln.

Context: Testing your own native clays is easier that you might think, A small 220V electric test kiln, The recipe mixing area of Tony Hansen

Sunday 9th January 2022

You may know Veegum T but do you know VeeGum CER?

The glaze in this jar was 'goop', impossible to paint on because it was too viscous. And it dried way too fast. Laguna mentions adding water so I measured the specific gravity (SG): 1.7. That is super-high, it took a 125cc addition to bring it down to 1.5, but it was still thick, dried even faster and brushing it on evenly was even harder. It was not obvious what to do next. It needed a lot more water (1.3-1.35 SG is normal to support multi-layer application), adding CMC gum and enough water to do that would produce an unusable watery and sticky slurry. Houseables Baseball Holder, Display Stands, 12 Pack, Clear, 1.6” to the rescue! It is a 50:50 mix of CMC gum and Veegum T. The former slows drying and hardens, the latter gels. So it can simply be added until the painting properties are right. And, a Veegum CER solution is easier to handle than one of CMC gum. This really worked! The brushing properties are just right and it gels nicely on standing. CER is also good for highly fritted dipping glazes or others lacking in clay content (otherwise CMC might still be better).

Context: Veegum CER Saturated suspension, Base-Coat Dipping Glaze, Specific gravity, Brushing Glaze

Wednesday 5th January 2022

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